Last week the Journal of Human Kinetics, a respected interdisciplinary periodical offering the latest research in the science of human movement studies, published an article by Dan Fransson, Jeppe Foged Vigh-Larsen, Peter Krustrup, Dr. Ioannis G. Fatouros and Magni Mohr, a Faroese PhD in Exercise Physiology, on fatigue and recovery kinetics in professional football.
The purpose of the research project, a collaboration study between several international universities, was to examine the degree of post-game fatigue and the recovery pattern in various leg and upper-body muscle groups after a simulated soccer game.
Magni Mohr led the research which demonstrated that players fatigue markedly and show signs of muscle damage, oxidative stress and inflammation especially when only three days are allocated to recovery where markers of muscle damage, inflammation and oxidative stress peak.
The second part of the research was conducted in Gothenburg (Sweden) and applied a simulated football protocol (Copenhagen Soccer Test). This part of the research showed that the degree fof fatigue and recovery is muscle group specific and the responses varies markedly between players, indicating and individual fatigue and recovery response.
The first part of the research was conducted in Greece.
Overall, the principal findings of the research were that: i) fatigue occurred in multiple muscle groups after a simulated soccer game, with knee joint and trunk muscles experiencing the largest decline; ii) large individual responses were observed between players in fatigue and recovery kinetics; and iii) physical capacity correlated to markers of muscle damage 24 hours after the game.
Mohr states in an interview with Gransking.fo (the Faroese Research Foundation) that ”players tire and rest in several different ways and should therefore be screened for particular fatigue and resting-patterns in order to be able to organize practice and rest better. In professional football, there are many injuries, and one main reason is that the specific situation of the individual is not taken into consideration”.
The research project was to a large extent sponsored by the Faroese Research Foundation.